Today, around 3 TWh of electricity is generated each year by 4 wind farms in the Belgian North Sea. This corresponds to 3.75% of the total electricity consumption in Belgium, or power for 800 000 families.
By the end of 2018, the fifth wind farm will start producing electricity: wind at sea will generate 4.26 TWh, which corresponds to the electricity consumption of 1 000 000 houses, or 5% of the total electricity consumption in Belgium.
By the end of 2020, there will be 2 200 MW of operationnal wind energy at sea: wind turbines will produce 8 TWh of green electricity each year, which is equivalent to 10% of Belgium’s total electricity consumption.
Nearly 16 000 jobs will be created between 2010 and 2030 through the development, construction, maintenance and dismantling of wind farms and their electrical infrastructure. More information on the macroeconomic impact of the offshore wind industry can be found here.
After 10 years of scientific research on the impact of wind power on its marine environment, it appears that biodiversity is growing in wind farms.
A wind farm emits 175 times less CO2 than the most modern gas plants. Indeed, CO2 emissions from the construction and operation of wind turbines are earned back after only one year. The wind farms then continue to produce electricity for at least 20 years in an environmentally friendly way, without emitting CO2.